baking powder (phr)
baking powder (noun)
any of various powdered mixtures used in baking as a substitute for yeast
baking powder (Noun)
a dry leavening agent used in baking; a mixture of baking soda, an acid (often cream of tartar) and starch to keep it dry; when wetted, carbon dioxide is released
Baking powder is a dry chemical leavening agent, a mixture of a weak alkali and a weak acid, and is used for increasing the volume and lightening the texture of baked goods. Baking powder works by releasing carbon dioxide gas into a batter or dough through an acid-base reaction, causing bubbles in the wet mixture to expand and thus leavening the mixture. It is used instead of yeast for end-products where fermentation flavors would be undesirable or where the batter lacks the elastic structure to hold gas bubbles for more than a few minutes. Because carbon dioxide is released at a faster rate through the acid-base reaction than through fermentation, breads made by chemical leavening are called quick breads. Most commercially available baking powders are made up of an alkaline component, one or more acid salts, and an inert starch. Baking soda is the source of the carbon dioxide, and the acid-base reaction can be generically represented as++ The inert starch serves several functions in baking powder. Primarily it is used to absorb moisture, and thus prolong shelf life by keeping the powder's alkaline and acidic components dry so as not to react with each other prematurely. A dry powder also flows and mixes more easily. Finally, the added bulk allows for more accurate measurements.
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"baking powder." Kamus.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2022. Web. 27 Nov. 2022. <https://www.kamus.net/english/baking+powder>.