karat, carat, kt (noun)
the unit of measurement for the proportion of gold in an alloy; 18-karat gold is 75% gold; 24-karat gold is pure gold
Central Kalimantan, a province of Indonesia.
kT is the product of the Boltzmann constant, k, and the temperature, T. This product is used in physics as a scaling factor for energy values in molecular-scale systems, as the rates and frequencies of many processes and phenomena depend not on their energy alone, but on the ratio of that energy and kT, that is, on E / kT. For a system in equilibrium in canonical ensemble, the probability of the system being in state with energy E is proportional to e-ΔE / kT. More fundamentally, kT is the amount of heat required to increase the thermodynamic entropy of a system, in natural units, by one nat. In macroscopic scale systems, with large numbers of molecules, RT value is commonly used; its SI units are joules per mole:. At room temperature 25 °C 1kT is equivalent to 4.11x10−21 J, 4.11 pN·nm, 9.83x10−22 cal, 0.0256 eV, 2.479 kJ·mol−1 or 0.593 kcal·mol−1.
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