- past participle
- present participle
criminal, felon, crook, outlaw, malefactor (adj)
someone who has committed a crime or has been legally convicted of a crime
illegitimate, illicit, outlaw(a), outlawed, unlawful (adj)
contrary to or forbidden by law
"an illegitimate seizure of power"; "illicit trade"; "an outlaw strike"; "unlawful measures"
lawless, outlaw(a) (verb)
disobedient to or defiant of law
"lawless bands roaming the plains"
outlaw, criminalize, criminalise, illegalize, illegalise (verb)
declare illegal; outlaw
"Marijuana is criminalized in the U.S."
A fugitive from the law.
A person who is excluded from normal legal rights.
A person who operates outside established norms.
A wild horse.
To declare illegal
To place a ban upon
To remove from legal jurisdiction or enforcement.
To deprive of legal force.
In historical legal systems, an outlaw is declared as outside the protection of the law. In pre-modern societies, this takes the burden of active prosecution of a criminal from the authorities. Instead, the criminal is withdrawn all legal protection, so that anyone is legally empowered to persecute or kill them. Outlawry was thus one of the harshest penalties in the legal system. In early Germanic law, the death penalty is conspicuously absent, and outlawing is the most extreme punishment, presumably amounting to a death sentence in practice. The concept is known from Roman law, as the status of homo sacer, and persisted throughout the Middle Ages. Outlawry was a principally pre-Magna Carta phenomenon. It was by virtue of Magna Carta that the legal precepts due process and habeas corpus were concurrently established in 1214 thus commencing with their eventual enshrinement in judicial procedures which required that persons suspected of crimes are required to be judged in a court of law before punishment can be legally rendered. However antiquated, forms of outlawry continue to exist. In the common law of England, a "Writ of Outlawry" made the pronouncement Caput gerat lupinum with respect to its subject, using "head" to refer to the entire person and equating that person with a wolf in the eyes of the law: Not only was the subject deprived of all legal rights of the law being outside of the "law", but others could kill him on sight as if he were a wolf or other wild animal. Women were declared "waived" rather than outlawed but it was effectively the same punishment.
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"outlaw." Kamus.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2022. Web. 19 Aug. 2022. <https://www.kamus.net/english/outlaw>.