voluntarismˈvɒl ən təˌrɪz əm
a reliance on volunteers to support an institution or achieve an end; volunteerism
a doctrine that assigns the most dominant position to the will rather than the intellect
the political theory that a community is best organized by the voluntary cooperation of individuals, rather than by a government, which is regarded as being coercive by nature.
Voluntarism is a school of thought that regards the will as superior to the intellect and to emotion. This description has been applied to various points of view, from different cultural eras, in the areas of metaphysics, psychology, sociology, and theology. The term voluntarism was introduced by Ferdinand Tönnies into the philosophical literature and particularly used by Wilhelm Wundt and Friedrich Paulsen. The etymology of the word is from Latin. Will Durant, in the glossary to The Story of Philosophy, defines voluntarism as "the doctrine that will is the basic factor, both in the universe and in human conduct."
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"voluntarism." Kamus.net. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 9 Dec. 2023. <https://www.kamus.net/english/voluntarism>.